What do these "areas of science" mean?
We provide some keywords and brief descriptions below.
Many subjects overlap with other areas.
The MadSci Moderators who review your questions
have the option of changing the area you selected, so don't worry if
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- Agricultural Sciences:
- Farming, soils, crop plants, farm
animals, produce, vegetables, meats, grains and other products.
- Bodily structures, heart, lungs, liver, gut, etc. Also aspects of
how the body functions (physiology).
- Planets, stars, black holes, galaxies, the universe,
the study of space, space travel, NASA missions, Hubble space
- The "chemistry of life" - enzymes, biomolecules such as
DNA, proteins, sugars, and fats (lipids). The biochemical
"processes of life" - glycolysis, fermentation, respiration,
- The study of plants. Seeds, plant growth, flowers, photosynthesis
- Cell Biology:
- The study of cells - cell organelles, cell growth,
development and death (overlaps with Development).
Functions of cells. Cellular processes
such as mitosis and meosis, cellular respiration
- General/introductory chemistry, problem solving,
stoichiometry, molecules and atoms in molecules, the elements
and the Periodic Table, acids and bases, oxidation and reduction
reactions, kinetics. Aspects of organic chemistry (chemistry of
carbon-containing compounds) may overlap with biochemistry.
- Computer Science:
- Artifical intelligence, the Internet and
networking, *general* hardware and software questions - we're
not intended as a "fix-it" service.
- How cells, organs or entire organisms grow and
- Many areas concerning the building of structures, electronics, materials,
airplanes, satellites, cars, roads, bridges, buildings, mechanical objects,
chemical engineering, etc..
- Earth Sciences:
- Geology, the study of rocks, minerals, volcanos,
moutains, earthquakes, the study of the atmosphere and weather (meteorology).
The study of the oceans (oceanography), rivers, lakes and other
water systems (hydrology).
- Environment & Ecology:
- Environmental issues - pollution, ozone
depletion, global warming. Habitats, ecosystems on the planet, both on
the microscopic (with bacteria, for instance) and involving larger animals.
- The study of how life evolved on the planet. In this group
we currently lump many "paleontology" questions - dinosaurs, fossils, etc..
- General Biology:
- Other questions in the subject of biology that do
not seem to fit under listed areas.
- The study of our genetic information & inheritance
from how genes & DNA operate at a molecular level to observing the
effects of genes on an organism (phenotype) & the role of genes
versus the environment. Chromosomes, centromeres, regulation of
- The study of the immune system - how we and
other organisms fight infectious. Antibodies, T cells, B cells, vaccines,
- Health and fitness, disease, nutrition (may overlap
with biochemistry and other areas). We do not answer questions concerning
diagnoses or advice for therapies, drugs or health supplements.
- The study of the "unseen" world. Includes the study of
bacteria, "protozoa," parasites and molds and fungi. Virus questions should
go under virology.
- Molecular Biology:
- Genetic engineering, biotechnology, manipulation
- The study of the brain and nervous system, including
the senses (smell, taste, vision, hearing and touch), reflexes.
Psychology, memory, thought.
- I don't know where else to put my question!!
- The study of motion, light (optics), gravity, electricity
and magnetism, relativity, particle physics (study of atomic particles),
- Science History:
- The history of science! Discoveries, inventions,
atronomical and evolutionary events (overlaps with atronomy & evolution).
How was this done? How was this found out?
- The study of viruses, bacteriophages (viruses that
infect bacteria). Viral diseases - colds, the flu, AIDS, chicken pox,
- The study of animals - worms, jellyfish, insects,
spiders, snails, fish, frogs, turtles, horses, dolphins, dogs, cats,
elephants, apes, people.
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