|MadSci Network: Earth Sciences|
You ask a very good question. In the United States, the coastlines of the
Atlantic seaboard and the Gulf of Mexico, as well as Puerto Rico and the
US governed islands in the Caribbean are at highest risk for a hurricane
strike. The location of a strike is due much more to sea surface
temperatures and the general weather pattern than to the shape of the
The National Hurricane Center in Miami monitors and forecasts for all tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Basin and the Gulf of Mexico, as well as the Eastern Pacific. Landfalling tropical cyclones are extremely rare on the Pacific Coast of the US but they do occur. The Central Pacific Hurricane Center in Honolulu monitors and forecasts for systems in the Central Pacific. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center and the meteorological service in Japan handle the military and civilian forecasts respectively for systems in the Western Pacific.
Try the links in the MadSci Library for more information on Earth Sciences.