Re: Why do heart attack symptoms usually involve the left arm and shoulder ?
Date: Thu Feb 12 00:22:06 1998
Posted By: Bob Peeples, Chemical Engineer, Environmental Program Management, U S Postal Service
Area of science: Medicine
Often a painful area of the body is not site of the reason for that
pain. This is called referred pain. Referred pain is very common. It's
defined as pain perceived in another area, often far from the origin. Pain
down the inside of the left arm and forearm when a person suffers a heart
attack is a common example. Other examples of referred pain include:
the diaphragm referring pain to the shoulder and neck.
the stomach referring pain to the upper spine.
the kidney referring pain to the groin area.
the gall bladder referring pain on the top of the right shoulder.
a problem in the throat may be referred to the ear.
Although related to messages sent by the nervous system telling the
brain what area hurts, the reasons for referred pain are not completely
known. What's important is the fact that when there's pain in these (and
other) areas, it may indicate a hidden problem in some other part of the
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